Make Your Own Perfumes From Essential Oils Make your own perfumes from essential oils by Radhika Sathe Patwardhan | May 16, 2018, 12:00 AM IST All of us use perfumes. You get a host of them in the market. But finding the right one that appeals to our senses can be a task if you have a discerning nose. You might like a certain element of one perfume, while another element from another perfume. So how do you choose the one that you would like the most? An easy way to pass this hurdle is to make your own! We got Dr Blossom Kochhar, an aromatherapy expert to give an insight into different essential oils and how they help, and also how to make a perfume – and a host of other things for you.To make a perfume, you need essential oils, carrier oil and apparatus like a glass bowl, glass bottle and a dropper. We will look at each of these in detail. Essential Oils An essential oil is natural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic odour of the plant or other source from which it is extracted. It is the highly concentrated version of the natural oils. They have a host of physical and psychological health and well-being applications. Aromatherapy is one of the most common ways of using essential oils and involves healing through the aromas of the oils. There are many essential oils that you can use. We have a list of the ones that you can use for your DIY perfumes. All of them have a host of benefits for skin care, hair care and others; here, we look at just a few benefits of these essential oils. Basil: This essential oil stimulates the nervous system. It helps eliminate odour. It restores mental alertness and fights fatigue. It also reduces symptoms like brain fog, sluggishness, sore muscles and poor mood. Cedarwood: Use this one for alleviating stress and anxiety. It also improves focus and wisdom. It is said to get people together and improve personal outlook and self-esteem. Chamomile: This one is a powerful calming agent, and an antidepressant and overall mood lifter. Cinnamon: It helps to relieve depression. It is a natural aphrodisiac. It is also a natural home deodorizer and freshener and helps detoxify the air. It also helps in treating and preventing headache. Eucalyptus: This essential oil helps to fight migraines and fevers. It has cooling capability that aids in relieving muscle aches and pains. It works as an expectorant and helps cleanse your body of toxins. It removes odour and cleanses the air. “You can use this to keep cough and cold away, too,” says Dr Kochhar. Geranium: This one helps to improve physical, mental and emotional health. It uplifts mood, lessens fatigue and promotes emotional wellness. It also alleviates anxiety and balances the hormones. Dr Kochhar says that it will help relieve you of any sluggishness. Jasmine: This oil improves mood, helps overcome stress and helps balance hormones. It is a natural remedy for anxiety, emotional stress, low libido and insomnia. It helps rejuvenate you and your mind, and increases alertness. “Use this if you are feeling tired, or even depressed,” informs Dr Kochhar. Femina Lavender: It is a sedative and has calming and anti-depressant properties. It relieves headaches, and other pains. It also helps in reducing anxiety and emotional stress. It also helps to improve sleep. “It helps better your immune system,” Dr Kochhar tells. Lemon: This essential oil improves mood and rejuvenates energy. It also helps to get rid of nausea. It also helps in detoxification of the air. Dr Kochhar tells that this makes you feel fresh. Lemongrass: This one reduces muscle pain and other aches. It also works as an insect-repellent. It is relaxing, stimulating, soothing, and balancing oil. Neroli: It soothes agitated nerves and helps to relieve feelings of grief and despair. It is relaxing, and helps to better the sleep. It also helps purify the air. Dr Kochhar says, “It helps reduce stress.” Orange: It helps ease anxiety and decrease hypertension. It enhances immunity, helps reduce pain and boosts the mood. Patchouli: This essential oil helps fight depression, boost immune system and also works as a natural deodorant. It also stimulates the hormones and enhances the mood. Peppermint: It helps improve mental focus. It boosts the energy and relieves headaches. “If you’re feeling tired, take a whiff of this oil,” informs Dr Kochhar. Rose: This one balances the hormones, relieves anxiety and improves depression. This one especially helps women. Rosemary: This oil helps to improve memory. It also relieves muscle aches and pains. It is especially beneficial for haircare, Dr Kochhar tells. Sandalwood: This essential oil has a very calming effect on the mind. It helps reduce tension, confusion, stress, fear, nervousness and anxiety. “It not only helps reduce stress, but also is an aphrodisiac,” Dr Kochhar informs. Tea tree: Its antibacterial properties make it a natural freshener. It is a natural immunity booster, and also fights infection. Ylang ylang: This one helps reduce stress and is an aphrodisiac. It also enhances the mood. It energises and helps avoid fatigue, and body aches. Femina Carrier oils Carrier oils help dilute the essential oils before application on skin. They’re the base for the essential oil that is being mixed into it. A greater amount of the carrier oil is used with the essential oils to properly dilute them. The carrier oils themselves have many benefits that you add to with the essential oils. Here are some carrier oils – and their main benefits – that you can use to dilute the essential oil while making perfumes. Almond oil: This oil has vitamins A, B and E. It helps balance the moisture in the skin, improves skin complexion, and gives the skin a natural glow. It absorbs easily into the skin. The smell isn’t overwhelming, so this works well for perfumes. Grapeseed oil: It is high in minerals, vitamin E, proteins and linoleic acid. It doesn’t make the skin greasy. Jojoba oil: This oil gets easily absorbed into the skin and has no particular scent of its own. It is one of the closest to the natural oils in the skin. Notes in a perfume To make a balanced perfume, you need to find the right balance in the notes that you add. There are three fragrance notes: base, top and middle. You need to have at least one of each in the perfume you make to ensure it smells right, according to Dr Kochhar.As a rule, the top, middle and base notes should be harmonious. Select essential oils from all three categories, but make sure to use less of the top and middle notes than that of the base note. It is said that you should have 45-55% of the blend in base notes, 30-40% in middle notes ad 15-25% in top notes. While this percentage is not set in stone, you should start with this basic, and then edit the ratio here and there to get that perfect fragrance for you. Top notes: These oils tend to evaporate fast, and are light, fresh and uplifting in nature. From the list given above, basil, cinnamon, eucalyptus, lemon, lemongrass, neroli, orange, peppermint and tea tree are included in top notes. Base notes: These essential oils are heavy in consistency, and have strong fragrance. They don’t evaporate fast, and are intense and heady in smell. The base note oils include cedarwood, jasmine, patchouli, rose, sandalwood and ylang ylang. Cinnamon is also considered a base note. Middle notes: These notes help balance the fragrance. They might not be too evident in smell but when you concentrate, you can smell those as an undertone. From the given list of essential oils above, geranium, lavender and rosemary are middle notes. From the top notes list, basil, lemongrass, neroli and tea tree could also be considered in the middle notes, as also ylang ylang from the base notes. DIY PERFUME Now that you know the basics of the essential oils, carrier oils and the fragrance notes in a perfume, you can start making your own. Use a glass bowl to blend the oils together and a dropper to transfer it into a glass bottle. Ensure the glass bottle has a secure and tight cover so that no oil evaporates easily.Remember to blend the essential oils together and smell it to figure out if you like this fragrance. You can add a drop of either of the three to this mix to edit it to your taste – or smell in this case. Once you find the right ratio, take a tablespoon of a carrier oil of your choice and blend it in. Check again if you find the smell right. If yes, transfer to the glass bottle. If not, edit it further till you get it right. We share some DIY perfume recipes for you to start with.Add two drops of sandalwood, two drops of lavender and two drops of lemon together in a glass bowl. Use two drops of jasmine, one drop of patchouli, and one drop of sandalwood to a tablespoon of the carrier oil. Repeat the above steps to edit the ratios and find the fragrance to your liking.Another perfume recipe is to mix four drops of lavender with four drops of lemon and one or two drops of patchouli. You can also just mix two drops of geranium to two drops of sandalwood. You might want to add a half a drop of a citrusy essential oil like lemon or orange to balance the fragrance.Add five drops of lemon and three drops of rosemary to two drops of neroli to make a citusy fragrance. Femina Add three drops of geranium, one drop of rosemary, three drops of lavender, one drop of basil and two drops of lemon together and blend.You can also blend one drop of lemon, two drops of patchouli, two drops of ylang ylang and two drops of sandalwood.Another recipe tells to add two drops of sandalwood to one drop of ylang ylang.Mix four drops of geranium, three drops of lemon and one drop of ylang ylang.Add three drops of rose and two drops of neroli to four drops of ylang ylang to make a floral fragrance.To increase the amount, increase the ratio of each oil – essential oil and carrier oil – proportionately.For the perfume, we use a tablespoon of carrier oil. If you want to make a body oil of this same fragrance, use four tablespoons. You can check the smell and edit the ratio after mixing in the carrier oil, just as you would for the perfume. Other products you can make from essential oils Potpourri: Add two drops of geranium, sandalwood, ylag ylang and lemon together. Edit the fragrance to your liking. Add this to the potpourri. You can keep this in your home, or at work. It helps reduce the stress levels. Insect repellent: Add 20 drops of geranium essential oil to any mineral oil like the baby oil you get in the market. Apply this to your body to repel insects For pimples and wrinkles: Mix almond and castor oil together and add a few drops of patchouli essential oil to this. It helps reduce and remove pimples and wrinkles on skin. For earache: Mix a drop or two of lavender and eucalyptus essential oils together and massage your ears with it. To avoid cough and cold: Mix three to four drops of eucalyptus oil and a drop or two of jasmine and massage it onto the sole of your feet daily. This will aid you in keeping the cough and cold away. Bath salts: Add two drops of lavender, three drops of orange and four drops of cedarwood to your bath water along with Epsom salts or even your regular salt. It can be added to the bath tub or your bucket of water. If adding to a tub full of water, double the quantities. For shampoo: You can add 20 drops of peppermint and 30 drops of lavender to your regular shampoo for fragrant hair. For moisturiser: Add a drop of lavender, jasmine, sandalwood and geranium essential oils to your favourite cream.
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